Degree হল Adjective এর রূপভেদ। এটি ৩টি ভাগে বিভক্ত। যথা-

  • Positive Degree
  • Comparative Degree
  • Superlative Degree

Positive Degree:

Positive degree is the base of the adjective. It denotes the mere existence of a quality.

Positive degree is the base of the adjective. It denotes the mere existence of a quality.

কোন sentence এ Noun বা pronoun এর দোষ, গুন, অবস্থা ইত্যাদি বুঝাতে adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহার হয় তাকে Positive Degree বলে।
যেমন – Mr. Roni is a good man.

Examples of Positive degree

(1) Tina is wearing a red dress.

(2) leopard runs fast.

(3) The big dog chased the cat.

(4) There are four pencils in the box.

(5) She is a beautiful girl.

(6) Mohan is an intelligent boy.

(7) The colourful butterfly is sitting on flowers.

(8) We ordered two burgers.

(9) Reema is short in height.

(10) My pencil box is square in shape.

Comparative Degree:

Comparative degree is used to compare one noun or pronoun to another noun or pronoun. In these instances, only two items are being compared.

Words like than and to are used after a comparative adjective in a sentence to show comparison of the two things.

সাধারণত দুটি Noun বা pronoun এর দোষ, গুন, অবস্থা ইত্যাদির তুলনা বুঝাতে adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহার হয় তাকে Comparative Degree বলে।
যেমন – Rahim is wiser than Karim.

Example of comparative degree

(1) This box is smaller than one i found.

(2) Rohan is smarter than Abhishek.

(3) My hair is longer than my sister.

(4) John is thinner than Bob.

(5) He is more intelligent than his brother.

(6) Apples are healthier than chips

(7) Russia is larger than France.

(8) The weather is hotter than yesterday.

(9) His car is cheaper than mine.

(10) My watch is more expensive than yours.

Superlative Degree:

Superlative degree is used to compare two or more nouns. They’re also used to compare one thing against the rest of a group. It expresses highest intensity (quality or quantity) of a thing in comparison to other things.

Words like of and in are used after a superlative adjective in a sentence. An article ‘the’ should be used before a superlative degree when modifying a particular noun.

সাধারণত অনেকের মধ্যে তুলনা বুঝাতে adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহার হয় তাকে Superlative Degree বলে।
যেমন – Rony is the best player in the team.

Example of superlative degree

(1) Rohan is tallest in the class.

(2) This road is busiest of all the roads.

(3) Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

(4) Seema is the most intelligent girl in the class.

(5) My house is the largest one in our area.

(6) The leopard runs fastest of all animals.

(7) Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system.

(8) North pole is the coldest place on Earth.

(9) This is the most interesting book I have ever read.

(10) Our english teacher is the best teacher in school.

What is the Degree of Comparison?

To describe, quantify, modify or identify nouns/pronouns, adjectives are used or reused. Adjectives have their own degrees called degrees of adjectives or degrees of comparison that compare one thing/person to another.

Adjectives have three degrees of comparison –

  • Positive degree of adjectives
  • Comparative degree of adjectives
  • Superlative degree of adjectives

Degrees of Comparison examples:

Positive degree – The cat runs fast.

Comparative degree – The cat runs faster than dogs.

Superlative degree – The cat runs fastest of all animals.

Degree Of Comparison Rules

Rule 1. When two items/people are compared, a comparative degree is used by putting ‘er’ to the adjective word in association with the word ‘than’. In some cases ‘more’ is used.

Comparative degree example:

  • She is smarter than her sister.
  • She is more cheerful than her sister.

Similarly, when more than two things/people are compared, the superlative degree is used by putting ‘est’ to the adjective word or in some cases ‘most’ is used.

Superlative degree of comparison examples:

  • He is the strongest wrestler.
  • He is the most handsome actor.

Rule 2. ‘More’ is used when you compare qualities of a single thing/person. Even if the first adjective is a single syllable word.

Degree of comparison examples:

Incorrect – She is smarter than clever.

Correct – She is more smart than clever.

Rule 3. Do not use double comparative adjectives or superlative adjectives.

Degree of comparison examples:

Incorrect – These mangoes are more tastier than those.

Correct – These mangoes are tastier than those.

Rule 4. Never use ‘more or most’ with adjectives that give absolute sense.

Degree of comparison example:

Incorrect – This track is more parallel to that one

Correct – This track is parallel and the other is not.

Rule 5. There are a few adjectives that are accompanied by ‘to’, like, senior, junior, superior, inferior, preferable,  prefer, elder. Do not use ‘than’ with these adjectives.

Degree of adjective examples:

Incorrect: I am elder than her.

Correct: I am elder to her.

Incorrect – This car brand is superior than that.

Correct – This card brand is superior to that.

Rule 6. When comparing two things, similarity should be there, i.e. similar things should be compared.

Examples of degree of comparison:

Incorrect – This wall colour is more beautiful than the old one. (wall colour is compared with the wall)

Correct  – This wall colour is more beautiful than that of the old one. (compare wall colour with wall colour)

Rule 7. When the comparative degree is used in the superlative degree sense

  1. Use ‘any other’ when thing/person of the same group is compared.

Degree of comparison example:

Incorrect: Reena is smarter than any student of her class.

Correct: Reena is smarter than any other student of her class.

  1. Use ‘any’ if comparison of things/person is outside the group.

Incorrect: Delhi is cleaner than any other city in Bangladesh.

Correct: Delhi is cleaner than any city in Bangladesh.

Rule 8. When in the same sentence two adjectives in different degrees of comparison are used, both should be complete in themselves.

Incorrect- She is as good if not worse than her sister.

Correct – She is as good as if not worse than her sister.

Rule 9. To show whether the difference between the compared thing/person is small or big, we use quantifiers for the comparative degree of an adjective such as (A bit, a little, a lot, far, much, a great deal, significantly, etc).


  • My hostel is only marginally bigger than yours.
  • She is a little more popular than her sister in their school.
  • Australia is slightly smaller than Africa.

We don’t use quantifiers with superlative degrees of adjectives but there are certain phrases commonly used with the superlative degrees of comparison.

Degree of Comparison Example:

  • In metropolitan cities, metros are by far the cheapest mode of transportation.
  • Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages in the world.
  • Siddhivinayak is the second richest temple in India.

Rule. 10. While changing the degree of comparison for the irregular adjectives, the word completely changes instead of adding ‘er’ or ‘est’.


  • She has little milk in the jar.
  • She has less milk than he has.
  • She has the least amount of milk.

Adjective Degrees of Comparison List

The degree of adjectives, positive, comparative and superlative are given below in the list format. Candidates can go through the degrees of comparison list and download the PDF which also gives the rules of degrees of comparison.

Degrees Of Comparison List
Positive Degree Comparative Degree Superlative Degree
angry angrier angriest
able abler ablest
bad worse worst
bitter bitterer bitterest
big bigger biggest
bland blander blandest
black blacker blackest
bloody bloodier bloodiest
bold bolder boldest
blue bluer bluest
bossy bossier bossiest
brief briefer briefest
brave braver bravest
bright brighter brightest
busy busier busiest
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
broad broader broadest
calm calmer calmest
chewy chewier chewiest
cheap cheaper cheapest
chubby chubbier chubbiest
clean cleaner cleanest
classy classier classiest
clear clear clearest
close closer closest
cloudy cloudier cloudiest
clever cleverer cleverest
clumsy clumsier clumsiest
cold colder coldest
coarse coarser coarsest
crazy crazier craziest
cool cooler coolest
creamy creamier creamiest
crispy crispier crispiest
creepy creepier creepiest
cruel crueller cruellest
curly curly curliest
crunchy crunchier crunchiest
cute cuter cutest
curvy curvier curviest
damp damper dampest
deadly deadlier deadliest
dark darker darkest
deep deeper deepest
dirty dirtier dirtiest
dry drier driest
dense denser densest
dull duller dullest
dusty dustier dustiest
dumb dumber dumbest
easy easier easiest
early earlier earliest
faint fainter faintest
fancy fancier fanciest
fair fairer fairest
far further/farther furthest/farthest
fat fatter fattest
fast faster fastest
few fewer fewest
filthy filthier filthiest
fine finer finest
fierce fiercer fiercest
flaky flakier flakiest
firm firmer firmest
fresh fresher freshest
flat flatter flattest
friendly friendlier friendliest
funny funnier funniest
fit fitter fittest
full fuller fullest
good better best
gentle gentler gentlest
grand grander grandest
gloomy gloomier gloomiest
greasy greasier greasiest
grave graver gravest
greedy greedier greediest
great greater greatest
guilty guilter guiltiest
gross grosser grossest
happy happier happiest
hairy hairier hairiest
hard harder hardest
handy handier handiest
healthy healthier healthiest
harsh harsher harshest
heavy heavier heaviest
hip hipper hippest
hungry hungrier hungriest
high higher highest
humble humbler humblest
hot hotter hottest
handsome more handsome most handsome
itchy itchier itchiest
icy icier iciest
juicy juicier juiciest
kind kinder kindest
lazy lazier laziest
large larger largest
likely likelier likeliest
late later latest
light lighter lightest
lively livelier liveliest
long longer longest
little (amount) less least
little (size) littler littlest
lovely lovelier loveliest
lonely lonlier loneliest
low lower lowest
loud louder loudest
many more most
mean meaner meanest
mad madder maddest
messy messier messiest
moist moister moistest
mild milder mildest
naughty naughtier naughtiest
narrow narrower narrowest
near nearer nearest
nasty nastier nastiest
new newer newest
neat neater neatest
nice nicer nicest
noisy noisier noisiest
needy needier neediest
oily oilier oiliest
odd odder oddest
old older/elder oldest/eldest
popular more popular most popular
polite politer politest
plain plainer plainest
poor poorer poorest
proud prouder proudest
pure purer purest
pretty prettier prettiest
quiet quieter quietest
quick quicker quickest
raw rawer rawest
rare rarer rarest
ripe riper ripest
rich richer richest
rough rougher roughest
roomy roomier roomiest
risky riskier riskiest
rusty rustier rustiest
rude ruder rudest
renowned more renowned most renowned
safe safer safest
sad sadder saddest
sane saner sanest
salty saltier saltiest
shallow shallower shallowest
scary scarier scariest
sharp sharper sharpest
short shorter shortest
shiny shinier shiniest
silly sillier silliest
shy shyer shyest
sincere sincerer sincerest
simple simpler simplest
sleepy sleepier sleepiest
skinny skinnier skinniest
slow slower slowest
slim slimmer slimmest
small smaller smallest
smart smarter smartest
smelly smellier smelliest
smooth smoother smoothest
smoky smokier smokiest
soon sooner soonest
soft softer softest
sorry sorrier sorriest
sore sorer sorest
sour sourer sourest
steep steeper steepest
spicy spicier spiciest
stingy stingier stingiest
strict stricter strictest
strange stranger strangest
sunny sunnier sunniest
strong stronger strongest
sweet sweeter sweetest
sweaty sweatier sweatiest
tall taller tallest
tasty tastier tastiest
thick thicker thickest
tan tanner tannest
thin thinner thinnest
tiny tinier tiniest
thirsty thirstier thirstiest
true truer truest
tough tougher toughest
ugly uglier ugliest
wealthy wealthier wealthiest
warm warmer warmest
weird weirder weirdest
weak weaker weakest
wet wetter wettest
wild wilder wildest
wide wider widest
worldly worldlier worldliest
wise wiser wisest
worthy worthier worthiest
windy windier windiest
young younger youngest

6) by placing ‘more’ and ‘most’ before the positive form
active                  more active                            most active
attractive           more attractive                     most attractive
beautiful            more beautiful                      most beautiful
brilliant              more brilliant                       most brilliant
careful                more careful                          most careful
courageous        more courageous                 most courageous
cunning              more cunning                       most cunning
difficult               more difficult                       most difficult
famous                more famous                        most famous
faithful                more faithful                        most faithful
important            more important                  most important
proper                 more proper                          most proper
popular               more popular                        most popular
splendid              more splendid                      most splendid
suitable                more suitable                      most suitable
7) Some adjectives do not follow any of the rules explained earlier. They are compared irregularly. Here are
the different forms of such adjectives.
bad                    worse                                     worst
evil                     worse                                     worst
good                   better                                    best
ill                         worse                                    worst
far                       farther                                   farthest
well                     better                                    best
late                      later                                      latest (time)
late                       latter                                    last (position)
little                      less                                       least
much                    more                                    most
many                    more                                     most
old                         elder                                     eldest
Rewrite the sentences given below using different degrees of comparison.
1. Shakespeare is the most famous of all writers in English.
2. Iron is more useful than any other metal.
3. I earn as much money as Ram.
4. China is larger than India.
5. Greenland is the largest island in the world.
6. Air is lighter than water.
7. I am taller than my brother.
8. Shyam is the strongest boy in the class.
1. No other writer in English is as famous as Shakespeare. / Shakespeare is greater than any other writer in
2. No other metal is as useful as iron. / Iron is the most useful of all metals.
3. Ram does not earn more money than I do.
4. India is not as large as China.
5. Greenland is larger than any other island in the world. / No other island in the world is as large as
6. Water is not as light as air.
7. My brother is not as tall as I am.
8. Shyam is stronger than any other boy in the class. / No other boy in the class is as strong as Shyam.
Positive: – He is as wise as Solomon.
Comparative: – Solomon was not wiser than he is.
Positive: – Birds do not fly as fast as the aeroplane.
Comparative: – The aeroplane flies faster than birds.
Positive: – No other metal is as costly as gold
Comparative: – No other metal is costlier than gold
Superlative: – Gold is the costliest of all metals.
Positive: – Very few cities in India are as big as Mumbai.
Comparative: – Mumbai is bigger than most other cities in India
Superlative: – Mumbai is one of the biggest cities in India