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Paragraph: COVID-19


COVID-19 stands for Corona Virus Disease-19. It was named by WHO (World Health Organization on February 2020. COVID -19 was first discovered in Wuhan, China. The original source of the corona virus is unclear. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by a virus, not by bacteria. Coronavirus are capable of causing illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. The virus is transmitted through the sneezing and coughing of the infected person. The virus can survive up to 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel, up to 4 hours on copper, and up to 24 hours on cardboard. Coronavirus enter the human body by being inhaled or via direct touch to the mouth, nose and eyes. On average, symptoms will develop within five days after infection, but this can range from 2 to 12 days. The time between infection and symptoms developing is called the incubation period. Symptoms can include fever, cough and shortness of breath. Coronaviruses infect the lungs. Most people with COVID-19 have mild disease and never require hospitalization. For people who develop severe disease, pneumonia is the most common form of illness. Acute COVID-19 disease is harmful because it prevents the normal flow of oxygen from the lungs into the bloodstream. Older people and those with underlying medical problems like heart disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness. Smokers are also more at risk than the non-smokers. Eating raw and under-cooked animal products should be avoided. Everyday meals should include a mix of wholegrain like wheat, maize and rice, legumes like lentils and beans, plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables with some foods from animal sources (e.g. meat, fish, eggs and milk). Many people with COVID-19 get better with rest, fluids and treatment for their symptoms. Medicine you can get without a prescription can help. A person at high risk of serious COVID-19 illness may be offered medicine to prevent mild illness from getting worse. Your best protection is a recent COVID-19 vaccine. But you might think about staying apart from the person with COVID-19. If other people could provide care, that might help lower your risk.  Mass vaccination campaign is going on. It is happy news but it will take him to bring every citizen under vaccination programme. Everyone should follow the health guidelines circulated by the government to prevent coronavirus.