GRAMMAR

The Same Word Used as Different Parts of Speech:

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The Same Word Used as Different Parts of Speech:

Content Words Show Information and Meaning
Nouns:  house, Pavan, summer, student
Main Verbs: swim, race, eat, frighten
Adjectives: beautiful, thin, expensive, naughty
Adverbs:  fast, carefully, late, often
Function Words Make our Sentences Grammatically Correct
Auxiliary Verbs:  do, be, have
Articles: a, an, the
Conjunctions: and, but, for, though
Prepositions: in, on, over, beside
Pronouns: you, him, her, they
The combination of these words helps us to form different sentence structures.
They have a beautiful house.
Do you know you are thin because you eat fast?
What a naughty student Pavan is!
They often swim in the lake during summer.

(1) About-

  • Adverb-¬†She is too tired to move about.
  • Preposition-¬†He knows nothing about me.

(2) Above-

  • Noun-¬†Rains come from above.
  • Adjective-¬†The above mistakes are very common.
  • Adverb-¬†Please look above.
  • Preposition-¬†His dealings are above dishonesty.

(3) Advance-

  • Noun-¬†An advance of five hundred rupees was given.
  • Adjective-¬†The advance money has been returned.
  • Verb-¬†Five hundred rupees were advanced as security.

(4) After-

  • Adjective-¬†All this is an after thought.
  • Adverb-¬†You left and he came soon after.
  • Preposition-¬†The policeman ran after the chief.
  • Conjunction-¬†I saw him after the class had been over.

(5) All-

  • Noun-¬†He lost his all for the sake of his beloved.
  • Pronoun-¬†All of us were present in the meeting.
  • Adjective-¬†All the boys were present in the meeting.
  • Adverb-¬†He was left all alone.

(6) Back-

  • Noun-¬†The heavy load broke his back.
  • Adjective-¬†He entered through the back door.
  • Verb-¬†Do not back out of your word.
  • Adverb-¬†Go back and never come again.

(7) Before-

  • Adverb-¬†I have not seen him before.
  • Preposition-¬†Will you go there before me?
  • Conjunction-¬†I will do it before I go.

(8) Better-

  • Noun-¬†Always have a regard for your betters.
  • Verb-¬†Better your handwriting.
  • Adjective-¬†This pen is better than that.
  • Adverb-¬†He sings better than I.

(9) Best-

  • Noun-¬†This is the singer‚Äôs best song.
  • Adjective-¬†He is the best boy in the class.
  • Adverb-¬†They have played their part best.

(10) Bite-

  • Noun-The bite of a mad dog is dangerous.
  • Verb-¬†Barking dogs seldom bite.

(11) Book-

  • Noun-¬†The book is lying on the table.
  • Verb-¬†Get your seat booked in the train.
  • Adjective-¬†Don‚Äôt be a book-worm.

(12) But-

  • Verb and Noun-¬†But (Verb) me no buts (Noun).
  • Pronoun-¬†There was none but wept.
  • Adverb-¬†You are but a child.
  • Preposition-¬†All but Aditi were present.
  • Conjunction-¬†He ran but could not catch the train.

(13) Call-

  • Noun-¬†I am always at your beck and call.
  • Verb-¬†Call in the doctor.
  • Adjective-¬†A call bell is fitted to the gate.

(14) Close-

  • Noun-¬†At the close of the school, we played games.
  • Verb-¬†The school is closed today.
  • Adjective-¬†Menu is my close friend.
  • Adverb-¬†He sat close to me.

(15) Dead-

  • Noun-¬†The Hindus burn their dead.
  • Adjective-¬†I saw a dead body.
  • Adverb-¬†I am dead tired.

(16) Deep-

  • Noun-¬†Many a ship has sunk in the deep (sea).
  • Adjective-¬†It is a deep sea.
  • Adverb-¬†Go deep into the sea and you will find a gem.

(17) Down-

  • Noun-The old man has seen many ups and downs in his life.
  • Verb-¬†Knock this naughty boy down.
  • Adjective-¬†Are you waiting for the down train?
  • Adverb-¬†Sit down please.

(18) Enough-

  • Noun-¬†Enough has already been done for you.
  • Adjective-¬†He has enough money in his pocket.
  • Adverb-¬†We have played enough.

(19) Even-

  • Verb-¬†First even the ground and then play.
  • Adjective-¬†Two and four are even numbers.
  • Adverb-¬†He did not even look at me.

(20) Evil-

  • Noun-¬†The evil that men do lives after them.
  • Adjective-¬†He has fallen on evil days (unlucky times).

(21) Except-

  • Verb-¬†The poor are excepted from this tax.
  • Preposition-¬†All except Ravi were present.
  • Conjunction-¬†I shall help you, except that I do not give you my word.

(22) Express-

  • Noun-¬†An express runs from Amritsar to Delhi.
  • Verb-¬†I have expressed my views.
  • Adjective-¬†I will catch the express train.
  • Adverb-¬†The letter was sent express.

(23) Fair-

  • Noun-¬†The fair is in full swing.
  • Adjective-¬†I need fair deal and no favour.
  • Adverb-¬†We should play fair.

(24) Fast-

  • Noun-¬†He keeps fast on every Sunday.
  • Verb-¬†I can fast for two days at a stretch.
  • Adjective-¬†He travelled by a fast train.
  • Adverb-¬†He ran fast and caught the train.

(25) Fine-

  • Noun-¬†I paid my fine.
  • Verb‚Äď He is fined for his absence.
  • Adjective-¬†What a fine weather it is!
  • Adverb-¬†Please tune fine.

(26) Fire-

  • Noun-¬†There is no fire in the hearth.
  • Verb-¬†The gun was fired.
  • Adjective-¬†Did you enjoy the fire-works last night.

(27) Free-

  • Verb-¬†At last he freed himself from the cruel moneylender.
  • Adjective-¬†I have a free pass for the show.
  • Adverb-¬†The bird was set free.

(28) Good-

  • Noun-¬†Whatever God does, He does for our good.
  • Adjective-¬†He is a good boy.
  • Adverb-¬†The boy is doing good.

(29) Half-

  • Noun-¬†Never do things by halves.
  • Adjective-¬†Half a loaf is better than no bread.
  • Adverb-¬†Well begun is half done.

(30) House-

  • Noun-¬†I have no house to live in.
  • Verb-¬†The library was housed in an old building.
  • Adjective-¬†Mr. Ravi is a house-surgeon these days.

(31) Iron-

  • Noun-¬†Iron is a useful metal.
  • Verb-¬†Iron your clothes.
  • Adjective-¬†Sardar Patel was an iron man.

(32) Last-

  • Noun-¬†The patient is sure to breathe his last.
  • Verb-¬†The meeting will last for two hours.
  • Adjective-¬†This bank is on its last leg.
  • Adverb-¬†He came last of all.

(33) Light-

  • Noun-¬†There is no light in the hall.
  • Verb-¬†Please light the lamp.
  • Adjective-¬†Give only light food to the patient.
  • Adverb-¬†Light come, light go.

(34) Like-

  • Noun-¬†I do not know your likes and dislikes.
  • Verb-¬†I like this apple.
  • Adjective-¬†Like father, like son.
  • Preposition-¬†He works like a bee.

(35) Long-

  • Noun-¬†What is the long and short of this matter? (the sum and substance or the gist of this matter).
  • Verb-¬†I long to have a watch (desire strongly).
  • Adjective-¬†It is a long story.
  • Adverb-¬†May you live long.

(36) Make-

  • Noun-¬†Our master is absent today.
  • Verb-¬†I have mastered the situation of the city.
  • Adjective-¬†Here is a master-key.

(37) Master-

  • Noun-¬†Our master is absent today.
  • Verb-¬†I have mastered the situation of the city.
  • Adjective-¬†Here is a master-key.

(38) Much-

  • Noun-¬†Much has already been done in this respect
  • Pronoun-¬†Much of the work has already been done.
  • Adjective-¬†He has done much work today.
  • Adverb-¬†He has worked much today.

(39) Mean-

  • Noun-¬†What is the mean of ten and sixteen.
  • Verb-¬†What do you mean to say?
  • Adjective-¬†Is he not a mean fellow?

(40) Mine-

  • Noun-There is a gold mine in Mysore.
  • Pronoun-¬†Mine is not a bad picture.
  • Verb-¬†Diamonds are mined in South Africa.

(41) Near-

  • Verb-¬†The tribesmen are nearing the city.
  • Adjectives-¬†He is my near relative.
  • Adverb-¬†Come near, please.
  • Preposition-¬†He lives near our house.

(42) Need-

  • Noun-¬†My need is greater than yours.
  • Verb-¬†He needs a pen.
  • Adverb-¬†He must needs be present (of necessity).

(43) Only-

  • Adjective-¬†This is the only washerman here.
  • Adverb-¬†He only sleeps and does nothing.
  • Conjunction-¬†You may do whatever you like, only do not come near me.

(44) Out-

  • Noun-¬†I do not know the ins and outs of this matter (details).
  • Adjective-¬†I have booked my luggage at the Railway out agency.
  • Adverb-¬†Come out, please.
  • Preposition-¬†Out of the frying pan, into the fire.

(45) Past-

  • Noun-¬†His past is not good. The past of our country was very very glorious.
  • Adjective-¬†Do you know his past history?
  • Adverb-¬†The soldiers marched past.
  • Preposition-¬†The old man is past eighty.

(46) Pen-

  • Noun-¬†The pen is mightier than the sword.
  • Verb-¬†I have penned a few line in reply (written).
  • Adjectives-¬†I have some pen friends in China. (who become friends through letters).

(47) Right-

  • Noun-¬†He has every right to do so.
  • Verb-¬†Every wrong should be righted.
  • Adjective-¬†This is my right arm.
  • Adverb-¬†He was right glad to see me.

(48) Round-

  • Noun-¬†The man-made moon has already made more than one hundred rounds of the earth.
  • Verb-¬†All the thieves have been rounded up by the police.
  • Adjective-¬†We sat at a round table.
  • Adverb-¬†With great difficulty I brought him round to my views.
  • Preposition-¬†The man-made moon went round the earth.

(49) Saddle-

  • Noun-¬†Put the saddle on the back of the horse.
  • Verb-¬†The horse is saddled; I am saddled with great responsibility.

(50) Save-

  • Verb-¬†He has saved a lot of money.
  • Preposition-¬†All save (except) Ravi were present.

(51) Set-

  • Noun-¬†You have a good tea-set.
  • Verb-¬†Please set right the office.
  • Adjective-¬†I went to him with a set (fixed) purpose.

(52) Short-

  • Noun-¬†The long and short of the matter is that I do not see eye to eye with you.
  • Adjective-¬†I know short hand.
  • Adverb-¬†We fell short of money.

(53) Since-

  • Adverb-¬†He left this place one week since (ago).
  • Preposition-¬†He has been here since last Tuesday.
  • Conjunction-¬†Since he is ill, he cannot attend the meeting.

(54) Slow-

  • Verb-¬†The train slows down as it reaches the platform.
  • Adjective-¬†Slow and steady wins the race.
  • Adverb-¬†In summer clocks generally go slow.

(55) Sound-

  • Noun-¬†I have heard the sound of the bugle.
  • Verb-¬†Please sound the bugle.
  • Adjective-¬†He has followed a sound policy.
  • Adverb-¬†I have reached home safe and sound.

(56) Spring-

  • Noun-¬†A spring has sprouted up in our neighbourhood.
  • Verb-¬†The dog sprang upon the table.
  • Adjective-¬†The spring water sometimes cures skin diseases.

(57) Still-

  • Noun-¬†He came in the still of night (silence).
  • Verb-¬†The presence of the Headmaster alone could still the angry students (quieten).
  • Adjective-¬†Still waters are very deep.
  • Adverb-¬†He is still here.
  • Conjunction-¬†He is dead tired, still he goes on walking.

(58) That-

  • Pronoun-¬†The picture that we saw was very interesting.
  • Adjective-¬†That boy is very naughty.
  • Adverb-¬†He can do that much work today.
  • Conjunction-¬†He said that he would do it.

(59) Than-

  • Preposition-¬†I have no other book than this.
  • Conjunction-¬†He is much stronger than I (am).

(60) Then-

  • Noun-¬†They have lived happily since then.
  • Adjective-¬†The then Viceroy was very noble.
  • Adverb-¬†I had gone out then.
  • Conjunction-¬†You do not act upon my advice, then how can I guide you?

(61) Till-

  • Noun-¬†A shopkeeper‚Äôs money box is called a till.
  • Verb-¬†The farmer is tilling the land.
  • Preposition-¬†He did not turn up till yesterday.
  • Conjunction-¬†I will wait here till he returns.

(62) Time-

  • Noun-¬†Time and tide waits for none.
  • Verb-¬†Time your watch to the clock tower.
  • Adjective-¬†Terrorists are planting time bombs.
  • Adverb-¬†Your debt is time barred now.

(63) Up-

  • Noun-¬†I have seen many ups and downs in life.
  • Verb-¬†Up, up with the patriots!
  • Adjective-¬†He travelled by the up train.
  • Adverb-¬†Wake him up, please.

(64) Wall-

  • Noun-¬†This wall is made of stone.
  • Verb-¬†The city has been walled to defend it properly.
  • Adjective-¬†This is a wall clock.

(65) Watch-

  • Noun-¬†This watch is of Swiss make; The guard is on the watch.
  • Verb-¬†I am watching your movements.
  • Adjective-¬†Have you a watch dog.

(66) Water-

  • Noun-¬†Water serves us in many ways.
  • Verb-¬†Water the plants, please.
  • Adjective-¬†The picture is drawn in water colour.

(67) Well-

  • Noun-¬†The deeper the well, the cooler the water.
  • Verb-¬†Tears welled up in the eyes of the old lady.
  • Adjective-¬†The well water is better than the spring water.
  • Adverb-¬†He always does well in the examination.
  • Interjection-¬†Well done!

(68) While-

  • Noun-¬†Let us wait for him for a while.
  • Verb-¬†Do not while away your time.
  • Conjunction-¬†I was sleeping, while he was busy in his work.

(69) Wrong-

  • Noun-¬†Right your wrongs.
  • Verb-¬†He has wronged me too much.
  • Adjective-¬†They adopted a wrong policy.

(70) Round

  • Adjective I have a round dining table. (what kind of table?)
  • Noun Cut the candles into rounds. (into what?)
  • Adverb An eagle circled round overhead. (how did it circle?)

(71) Except

  • Verb If we except Sumed, all are to be blamed.
  • Preposition All the soldiers returned except Hemant.
  • Conjunction I didn‚Äôt say anything except that you are unwell.

(72) Above

  • The stars are above. (Adverb)
  • The founders‚Äô authority is above the management‚Äôs. (Preposition)
  • Rewrite the above examples. (Adjective)
  • Our luck comes from above. (Noun)

The function of a word in a given sentence determines which part of speech it belongs to

(73) Race

  • Noun Wasim won the race by a margin of 2 seconds.
  • Verb The children were asked to race towards the finishing line.

(74) Love

  • Noun Mother‚Äôs love is selfless.
  • Verb I love eating fresh fruits.

(75) Box

  • Noun Do not touch the orange box.
  • Verb I will box your ears if you don‚Äôt listen to me.

(76) Grace

  • Noun Ishani performed her dance with grace.
  • Verb Please grace the occasion with your presence.

(77) All

  • Adjective: All children are requested to maintain silence.
  • Adverb: She was all alone in that dingy lane.
  • Pronoun: All spoke in his favour.
  • Noun: All was lost in the war.

(78) Better

  • Adjective: We are hoping for better facilities here.
  • Adverb: I am sure you know better.
  • Noun: The sooner the better.
  • Verb: His account can hardly be bettered.

(79) Down

  • Adverb: Sit down and stop shouting.
  • Preposition: The drawer came crashing down the stairs.
  • Adjective: I have to catch the down train in twenty minutes.
  • Verb: Down with the injustice!
  • Noun: They have had many ups and downs in life.

(80)Either

  • Adjective: Either offer is good enough.
  • Conjunction: Ravi must either sign the contract or quit.
  • Pronoun They must either beg or starve.

(81) For

Preposition: She writes books for children.
Conjunction: Thank Mr Shah, for he saved the day.

(82) Much
Adjective: There was much sense is what you said.
Adverb: Did it hurt very much?

Pronoun: You must bear much of the blame.

(83) Neither
Conjunction: Gauri will neither come home nor stay at your place.
Adjective: Neither side was prepared for the war.
Pronoun: Neither of us believes you.

(84) Once
Adverb: She was young and beautiful once.
Conjunction: Once the juice was served, breakfast began.
Noun: Can you support me for once?

(85) Down (Adverb, Preposition, Adjective, Verb)

Examples:

·         The little boy fell down. (Adverb)

·         He ran down the slope. (Preposition)

·         The down train departed right on time. (Adjective)

·         The government downed the protestors. (Verb)

 

(86) Like (Verb, Preposition, Noun, Adjective)

Examples:

·         I like eggs. (Verb)

·         He climbs like a monkey (Preposition)

·         You will never get a like from him. (Noun)

·         They are both very like .(Adjective)

 

(87) Right (Verb, Adjective, Noun, Adverb)

Examples:

·         You must right your faults immediately. (Verb)

·         He is the right man for your daughter. (Adjective)

·         It is a matter of my personal right .(Noun)

·         The justice meted out to her served her right. (Adverb)

(88) Round(Adjective, Preposition, Adverb, Noun, Verb)

Examples:

·         The round sphere was perfect for the shape of Earth (Adjective)

·         The kids ran round the house. (Preposition)

·         Will you come round to my place in the evening? (Adverb)

·         They rounded off the figure to a neat twenty bucks. (Verb)

(89) While (Noun, Verb, Conjunction)

Examples:

·         Rest for a while before you resume your journey. (Noun)

·         Do not while away your time in mobile games. (verb)

·         While we were sleeping, Rome was steadily being built. (Conjunction)

(90) Wrong(Noun, Adjective, Adverb, Verb)

Examples:

·         Wrong never wins. (Noun)

·         You have opted for the wrong stream. (Adjective)

·         You often spell your words wrong. (Adverb)

·         You wrong me by your actions. (Verb)

(91) That (Adjective, Pronoun, Conjunction)

Examples:

·         That book is mine.(Adjective)

·         That is my mother. (Pronoun)

·         You said that I could go along with you. (Conjunction)

(92) Next (Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Noun)

Examples:

·         I will watch the movie next Friday. (Adjective)

·         He is standing next to me. (Adverb)

·         The egg is placed next to the toast on the table. (Preposition)

·         Next is you on the podium (Noun)

(93) Little (Adjective, Adverb)

Examples:

·         There is little money left in the box. (Adjective)

·         He ate very little during the supper time. (Adverb)

(94) More (Adjective, Pronoun, Adverb)

Examples:

·         I have more strength than him. (Adjective)

·         I walked more than him today .(Adverb)

·         More of us are getting disillusioned with the system.

(95) Only (Adjective, Adverb, Conjunction)

Examples:

·         It was my only chance to qualify. (Adjective)

·         I only sipped a little of that wine. (Adverb)

·         Do what you have to do, only let me go. (Conjunction)

(96) Over(Adverb, Noun, Preposition)

Examples:

·         Read it over very meticulously. (Adverb)

·         The overs were finished very fast (Noun)

·         The box is kept over the shelf.  (Preposition)

(97) Since (Preposition, Conjunction, Adverb)

Examples:

·         I have not seem her since that summer.(Preposition)

·         Since there is no hope, let us part for once and all. (Conjunction)

·         I have not eaten since. (Adverb)

Other words which are also used in more than one Parts of Speech are Why, What, Up, Before, Even, Both, Much, Needs, Neither, No, Once, One, So, Either, Back, Better, Near, About, After, All, Any, As, But. Else, Enough, Except, For, Less, Some, Still, Such, That, The, Till, Well, Why, Yet.

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