GRAMMAR

Correction: Commonly Confused Words

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Commonly Confused Words

 

  1. Able – Capable

The word “able” means “having the ability to perform a given act,”

” able ” শব্দের অর্থ “ক্ষমতা থাকা”

For Example: I am able to walk through the swamp.

The word “capable” means “having the adequate

capacity to do or to make” or (having adequate capacity to receive an action”

” capable ” শব্দের অর্থ “পর্যাপ্ত থাকা” “করার বা করার ক্ষমতা ”

For Example: He is a capable leader.

This book is capable of being translated.

A common Error arises from the attempt to use: able- capable

Wrong  : This is able to be evaded.

Right  : This law is capable of being evaded.

Wrong  : This tanker is able to be restored.

Right  : This tanker is capable of being restored.

  1. Accept- Except

“Accept” which is always a verb, means “to receive.”

” Accept ” যা সর্বদা ক্রিয়াপদ, এর অর্থ “থেকে” পাবেন।”

Example: I accept  your apology.

“Except” may be either a “preposition” or a “verb” “ব্যতীত” হয় হয় একটি “me©bvg” বা “ক্রিয়া”

As  a preposition: Every boy is here except Henry.

As a verb: “Except” means “to make an expectation”

Example: We except Jimmy from the responsibility.

A common Error arises from the attempt to use: Accept- Except

Wrong: I shall except the gift when he brings it.

Right : I shall accept the gift when he brings it.

Wrong: They excepted the offer as soon as it was made.

Right: They accepted the offer as soon as it was made.

  1. All ready-already

The word “all ready” means that “everything is in

readiness” or “everyone is ready”

“অল রেডি” শব্দের অর্থ “সব কিছু ভিতরে আছেপ্রস্তুতি “বা সবাই প্রস্তুত“

The word “already” is an adverb which emphasizes the idea that “an action is complete

at the present moment” or “was completed at a moment in the past.”

“ইতিমধ্যে” একটি বিশেষণ যা “একটি ক্রিয়া সম্পূর্ণ হয়েছে” এই ধারণার উপর জোর দেয় বর্তমান মুহুর্তে “বা” একটি ক্রিয়া মুহুর্তে সম্পূর্ণ হয়েছিল অতীত.”

Example: Marian is tired already.

Louis already had finished the painting.

Wrong: He is all ready five pounds overweight.

Right  : He is already five pounds overweight.

Wrong: We are already for the dance.

Right  : We are all ready for the dance.

Wrong: The all ready heavy load became heavier.

Right  : The already heavy load became heavier.

  1. All right- alright

The term “all right” is correct; the word “alright” is non-existent in acceptable usage.

All right- ” শব্দটি “সঠিক”; শব্দ “ alright ” হয় “গ্রহণযোগ্য ব্যবহারে অস্তিত্বহীন”।

Wrong: Everything was alright.

Right  : Everything was all right.

Wrong: “Alright” said he, “that’s the end.”

Right  : “All right,” said he, “that’s the end.”

  1. All together – altogether

The word “all together” have the meaning of “everyone in or at the same location.”

” all together ” শব্দের অর্থ “প্রত্যেকে একই জায়গায় বা একই জায়গায়।

The word “altogether” means “entirely.”

” altogether ” শব্দের অর্থ “সম্পূর্ণরূপে”।

Wrong: We were altogether for the first family reunion in ten years.

Right: We were all together for the first reunion in ten years.

Wrong: They were all together mistaken in their conclusion.

Right: They were altogether mistaken in their conclusion.

  1. Amount – Number

The word “amount” is used to denote “quantity” ” amount ” বোঝাতে “পরিমাণ” শব্দটি ব্যবহৃত হয়

The word “Number” is used when the objects involved can be counted

শব্দটি “সংখ্যা” ব্যবহৃত হয় যখন বস্তুগুলি জড়িত গণনা করা যেতে পারে

Wrong: The amount of horses on the range was small.

Right  : The number of horses on the range was small.

Wrong: We had a large amount of students on hand for the rally.

Right: We had a large number of students on hand for the rally.

Right: There was a small amount of sugar in the bowl.

Right: The amount of money needed became larger every day.

  1. Anxious – Eager

The word “ anxious” should be used only when anxiety is involved; it should not be used as a

synonym for “eager” ” anxious ” শব্দটি তখনই ব্যবহার করা উচিত

উদ্বেগ জড়িত; এটি একটি হিসাবে ব্যবহার করা উচিত নয় ” eager ” জন্য প্রতিশব্দ

The word “eager” means “highly desirous”

“উত্সাহী” শব্দের অর্থ “অত্যন্ত কাম্য”

Wrong: I am anxious to taste the new flavors of ice cream. (wrong because no anxiety is involved)

Right: I am eager to taste the new flavor of ice Cream.

Right: I was anxious when my child was thrown

from the horse.  (Right because anxiety is involved.)

  1. Apt – Liable – Likely “apt” means “has an aptitude for”

“apt” এর অর্থ “এর জন্য একটি প্রবণতা রয়েছে“

Example: Hence a pupil is said to be apt.

“liable” means “ subject to” or “answerable to or for”

“দায়বদ্ধ” এর অর্থ “সাপেক্ষে” বা “জবাবদিহি বা তার কাছে” জন্য “

Example: Hence, a lawbreaker is liable to arrest and consequence there of.

“likely” means “a high degree of probability”

“সম্ভবত” এর অর্থ “সম্ভাবনার উচ্চ মাত্রা“

Example: Hence, a driver who operates his car recklessly is likely to become Involved in an accident.

Wrong: In April, we are liable to have rain often.

Right: In April, we are likely to have rain often.

Wrong: If the lion is annoyed, he is apt to become angry.

Right: If the lion is annoyed, he is likely to become angry.

Right: Driving while intoxicated makes one liable to find and imprisonment.

  1. Aware- Conscious

The word “aware” means “to have cognizance of” “সচেতন” শব্দের অর্থ “জ্ঞান থাকা“

Example: I am aware of a feeling of uneasiness in the group.

The word “conscious” basically pertains to one’s physical and mental situation at a given moment.

“সচেতন” শব্দটি মূলত একটির সাথে সম্পর্কিত একটি নির্দিষ্ট মুহুর্তে শারীরিক এবং মানসিক পরিস্থিতি

Example: The injured workman is now conscious.

Informal: I am conscious of resentment in that situation.

Formal: I am aware of resentment in that situation.

Informal: The president was not conscious of a growing opposition.

Formal: The president was not aware of a growing opposition.

  1. Balance – Remainder

The word “Balance” can be used synonymouslyWith “remainder” only when one is speaking of

financial transactions or the keeping of records.

“ভারসাম্য” শব্দটি প্রতিশব্দ হিসাবে ব্যবহার করাযেতে পারে “বাকী” কেবল তখনই যখন কেউ কথা বলে আর্থিক লেনদেন বা রেকর্ড রাখা।

Wrong: We plan to keep the car for the balance of the year.

Right: We plan to keep the car for the remainder or the keeping of records.

Wrong: For the balance of his vacation, he fished and rested.

Right: For the remainder of his vacation, he fished and rested.

Right: His checking account had a balance of $426.17

Right: Our records show a cash balance of $ 2817.39

  1. Between – Among

One should use the word “between” only when two persons, objects or ideas are under consideration.

যখনই “মধ্যবর্তী” শব্দটি ব্যবহার করা উচিত দুটি ব্যক্তি, বস্তু বা ধারণা অধীন বিবেচনা।

If three or more are involved, he should use the word “among”

যদি তিন বা ততোধিক লোক জড়িত থাকে তবে তার উচিত এটি ব্যবহার করা শব্দ “মধ্যে”

Wrong: Between Joe, Pete, and Herb, the controversy  was finally settled.

Right: Among Joe, Pete, and Herb, the controversy  was finally settled.

Wrong: The matter was to be discussed between the electricians, the plumbers and the carpenters.

Right: The matter was to be discussed among the electricians, the plumbers and the carpenters.

  1. Bring – Take

The word “bring” should be used in situation where something is being moved toward the

speaker.

Example: Bring me that book.

The word “take” should be used in situation where something is being moved away from the area of the speaker.

Example: Take that book with you.

Wrong: I don’t know what I should bring to the seashore when I leave for my vacation.

Right: I don’t know what I should take to the seashore when I leave for my vacation.

Wrong: He should bring his lunch with him when he leaves for school.

Right: He should take his lunch with him when he leaves for school.

  1. Can – May

The word “can” means “having the ability”.

” can ” শব্দের অর্থ “ক্ষমতা থাকা”।

The word “may” means “being permitted.”

” may ” শব্দের অর্থ “অনুমোদিত” ”

Wrong: Mother says that I can go to the party.(Wrong if this situation involves permission)

Right: Mother says that I may go to the party.

Wrong: I shall ask the boss if I can have the afternoon off.

Right: I shall ask the boss if I may have the afternoon off.

  1. Cannot – Can not

An authoritative ruling has now being established concerning the use of “can not” and “can not”.

The correct form is now almost universally Considered to be the single word “cannot”

একটি অনুমোদনমূলক রায় এখন প্রতিষ্ঠিত হচ্ছে “cannot” এবং “can not” ব্যবহার সম্পর্কিত। সঠিক

ফর্মটি এখন প্রায় সর্বজনীন একক শব্দ হিসাবে বিবেচিত “cannot”

Wrong: I can not attend the meeting.

Right: I cannot attend the meeting.

Wrong: They can not come to help you.

Right: They can not come to help you.

  1. Continual – Continuous

“Continual” means “with occasional interruption” “ধারাবাহিক” অর্থ “মাঝে মাঝে বাধা সহ“

“Continuous” means “without interruption.” “অবিচ্ছিন্ন” অর্থ “বাধা ছাড়াই”।

Wrong: The child continuously disturbed the class.

Right: The child continually disturbed the class.

Wrong: The machine ran continually for eight days. (Wrong if there was no interruption.)

Right: The machine ran continuously  for eight days.

  1. Data – Datum

The word “data” one need only remember that when it is used synonymously with “facts” it is

Plural; when it is used synonymously with “information,” it is singular

“ডেটা” শব্দটির একটি মাত্র এটি মনে রাখতে পারে যখন এটি “সত্য” এর সমার্থক শব্দ হিসাবে ব্যবহৃত হয়

বহুবচন; যখন এটি সমার্থকভাবে ব্যবহৃত হয় “তথ্য,“ এটি একবচন

The word “datum (meaning “fact) is, of course, the singular form of the word “data” (facts)

“datum” (অর্থ “সত্য”) শব্দটি অবশ্যই একবচনীয় “তথ্য” শব্দটির ফর্ম “ডেটা”(তথ্য)

Wrong: The data (facts) is incorrect.

Right: The data (facts) are incorrect.

Wrong: The data (information) are certainly interesting.

Right: The data (information) is certainly interesting.

Right: This datum is subject to challenge.

  1. Disinterested – Uninterested

The term “disinterested” means “not influenced by personal or self-interest.”

Disinterested ” শব্দটির অর্থ “ব্যক্তিগত বা স্বার্থ দ্বারা প্রভাবিত নয়।“

The word “uninterested” means  “not interested.” “Uninterested” শব্দের অর্থ “আগ্রহী নয়”।

Wrong: I was disinterested in the story. (Wrong if the speaker means he was not interested.)

Right: I was uninterested in the story.

Wrong: I am an uninterested party in the case.

(wrong if the speaker means that he has no self- interest in the case.

Right: I am a disinterested party in the case.

  1. Each other – One another

In formal English, the expression “each other” is used when two persons are involved;

আনুষ্ঠানিক ইংরেজিতে, “একে অপরের” অভিব্যক্তিটি দুটি ব্যক্তি জড়িত যখন ব্যবহৃত;

And the expression “one another” is used when three or more persons are involved.

এবং “একে অপরের” এক্সপ্রেশনটি কখন ব্যবহৃত হয় তিন বা ততোধিক ব্যক্তি জড়িত।

Questionable: The six students were conversing excitedly with each other.

Better: The students were conversing excitedly with one another.

Questionable: The couple spoke to one another earnestly.

Better: The couple spoke to each other earnestly.

  1. Farther- Further

The word “farther” should be used in speaking and writing of physical distance.

“farther” শব্দটি কথা বলার ক্ষেত্রে ব্যবহার করা উচিত এবং শারীরিক দূরত্ব লেখার।

i.e., situations in which distances can be measured. The word “further” should be used in speaking or

writing  of matters wherein physical measurement is not possible.

“further” শব্দটি কথা বলার ক্ষেত্রে বা ব্যবহার করা উচিত শারীরিক পরিমাপের বিষয়গুলির লিখন সম্ভব না.

Wrong: We walked further down the street.

Right: We walked farther down the street.

Wrong: We considered the matter farther.

Right: We consider the matter further

  1. Former- Latter

If the terms “former” and “later” are to be used, only two persons or objects may be under consideration. If more than two are involved, these words may not be used.

যদি “পূর্ব” এবং “পরে” পদটি ব্যবহার করা হয়, কেবলমাত্র দুটি ব্যক্তি বা বস্তুর অধীনে হতে পারে বিবেচনা। যদি দু’জনের বেশি জড়িত থাকে, এই শব্দ ব্যবহার করা যেতে পারে না।

Wrong: When we consider New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, the former stands out in our minds.

Right: When we consider New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, the first named stands out in our mind.

Wrong: When I think of Peter, Hines, and Clark, the latter seems to be the logical choice.

Right: When I think of Peter, Hines, and Clark, the last named seems to be the logical choice.

  1. Lay – Lie

Before using any form of the verbs “lay” or “lie”, one must remember two facts: the verb “lay” is transitive (i.e. takes an object), while the verb  “lie” is intransitive (i.e. does not take an object.

ক্রিয়াকলাপের কোনও রূপ ব্যবহার করার আগে, একজনকে অবশ্যই দুটি বিষয় মনে রাখতে হবে: (i)ক্রিয়াপদটি “lay” হয় ট্রানজিটিভ (অর্থাত্ কোনও বস্তু গ্রহণ করে), ক্রিয়াপদের সময় “lie” ইন্ট্রান্সটিভ (অর্থাত্ কোনও বস্তু গ্রহণ করে না)।

Lay (Present) – Laid (Past) – Laid (Past Participle) – Laying (Present Participle.

Lie (Present) – Lay (Past) – Lain (Past Participle) – Lying (Present Participle.

Wrong: Yesterday I laid in bed until noon.

Right: Yesterday I lay in bed until noon.

(The past tense of the verb “lie” is needed because the verb is intransitive)

Wrong: Last Tuesday I lay my hand on the desk.

Right: :Last Tuesday I laid my hand on the desk. (The past tense of the transitive verb “lay” is needed.)

Wrong: He was laying in the sun.

Right: He was lying in the sun.

  1. Learn – Teach

When one is the receiver of facts or any other type of lesson, he is learning.

এক Rb যখন তথ্য বা অন্য কোনও গ্রহণকারী হয় পাঠের ধরণ, তিনি শিখছেন।

When he is imparting the information to a second person, he is teaching.

যখন সে তথ্য দিচ্ছে সেকেন্ডে  ব্যক্তিকে, তিনি পড়াচ্ছেন।

Wrong: We shall have to learn that child to be respectful.

Right: We shall have to teach that child to be respectful.

Right: That child must learn to be respectful.

  1. Lend – Loan

In one is to be completely formal in his use of language he must use “lend” as a verb and

“loan” as a noun”

ব্যবহারের ক্ষেত্রে পুরোপুরি আনুষ্ঠানিক হতে হবে ভাষা তাকে অবশ্যই ক্রিয়াকলাপ হিসাবে “lend” ব্যবহার

করতে হবে এবং বিশেষ্য হিসাবে “loan“

Example: I shall lend him $500.

I shall make him a loan of $500.

  1. Loose – Lose

The word “loose” means “free, the opposite of tight.”

“আলগা” শব্দের অর্থ “মুক্ত, বিপরীত আঁট। “

The word “lose” means “to suffer a loss.”

“হারা” শব্দের অর্থ “ক্ষতির সম্মুখীন হওয়া”।

Wrong: I do not want to loose my wallet.

Right: I do not want to lose my wallet.

Right: If we loosen the clamps too much, we may

lose the outboard motor because the vibrations may shake it free.

  1. Moral – Morale

As noun “moral” means “a lesson.” বিশেষ্য হিসাবে “নৈতিক” অর্থ “একটি পাঠ।“

Example: The moral is “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.”

As an adjective, “moral” means “good or characterized by that which is right.

বিশেষণ হিসাবে, “নৈতিক” অর্থ “ভাল বা যা সঠিক তা দ্বারা চিহ্নিত

Example: Our president is a moral man.

“Morale” means “mental condition, general spirit, frame of mind.”

“মনোবল” এর অর্থ “মানসিক অবস্থা, সাধারণ চেতনা, ফ্রেম অফ মন। ”

Wrong: The story has no morale.

Right: The story has no moral.

Wrong: His morales are questionable.

Right: His morals are questionable

  1. Practicable – Practical

The word “practicable” means “that which appears to be capable of being put into practice; that which appears to be capable of being done.”

“ব্যবহারযোগ্য” শব্দের অর্থ “যা অনুশীলন করাতে সক্ষম বলে মনে হয়; যা করাতে সক্ষম বলে মনে হচ্ছে ”

Example: His plan, I feel certain, is practicable.

The word “practical” means that something is “know to be workable or effective.”

“ব্যবহারিক” শব্দের অর্থ কিছু হল “জানা” কার্যকর বা কার্যকর হতে হবে। “

Example: We were given a practical plan for consideration.

Wrong: The senator believes that his plan, which

has never been tried in any form, is practical.

Right: The senator believes that his plan, which

has never been tried in any form, is practicable.

Note: The word “practicable” may never be applied to persons. The word “practical” when applied to persons, means “realistic.”

  1. Precede – Proceed

The word “precede” means “to go before”.

“পূর্ববর্তী” শব্দের অর্থ “আগে যাওয়া”।

Example: Professors will precede associate professors in the procession.

The word “proceed” means “to move forward.”

“এগিয়ে” শব্দের অর্থ “এগিয়ে যাওয়া”।

Example: We shall proceed with the agenda as we have planned.

Wrong: Joe will proceed Jim in the line because he is taller.

Right: Joe will precede Jim in the line because he is taller.

Wrong: The month proceeding June was, of course, May.

Right: The month preceding June was, of course, May.

  1. Principal – Principle

The word “principal” used as a noun means the “head of a school, a main participant, a sum of

money invested.”

বিশেষ্য হিসাবে ব্যবহৃত “প্রিন্সিপাল” শব্দটির অর্থ “একটি স্কুলের প্রধান, একটি প্রধান অংশগ্রহণকারী, একটি যোগফল অর্থ বিনিয়োগ। “

Example: The principal of Harris School was there.

The word “principle” used as a noun means “ a rule, a law, an

underlying tenet, an idea that is a part of code of behaviour.”

বিশেষ্য হিসাবে ব্যবহৃত “নীতি” শব্দের অর্থ “একটি নিয়ম, একটি আইন, আ অন্তর্নিহিত টেনেট, এমন একটি ধারণা যা আচরণের কোডের একটি অংশ ”

Example: Courtesy is a principle of diplomacy.

Wrong: My principle objection is that I am tired.

Right: My principal objection is that I am tired.

Wrong: I objected to the law on principal.

Right: I objected to the law on principle

  1. Prophecy – Prophesy

The word “prophecy” is a noun; the word

“prophesy” is a verb.

“ভবিষ্যদ্বাণী” শব্দটি একটি বিশেষ্য; শব্দ “ভবিষ্যদ্বাণী করা” একটি ক্রিয়াপদ।

Wrong: My prophesy is that he will succeed.

Right: My prophecy is that he will succeed.

  1. Proved- Proven

The word “proved” is always either a verb or part of verb phrase.

“প্রমাণিত” শব্দটি সর্বদা হয় ক্রিয়া বা অংশ হয় ক্রিয়াপদ বাক্য।

Example: Joe proved the problem.

The word “proven” must always be used as an Adjective

“প্রমাণিত” শব্দটি সর্বদা একটি বিশেষণ হিসাবে ব্যবহার করা উচিত।.

Example: The slave was a proven remedy.

Wrong: He has proven the answer by checking.

Right: He has proved the answer by checking.

Wrong: It was a proved answer to the problem.

Right: It was a proven answer to the problem

  1. Provided – Providing

“Provided” is the past participle of the verb

“provide”; it is also a conjunction meaning “if”.

“প্রদত্ত” ক্রিয়াটির অতীতের অংশগ্রহণকারী “প্রদান”; এটি “যদি” অর্থ একটি সংমিশ্রণও।

“Providing” is the present participle of the verb “provide”

“সরবরাহ করা” ক্রিয়াটির বর্তমান অংশগ্রহণকারী “প্রদান”

Wrong: We shall leave, providing that the weather is good.

Right: We shall leave, provided that the weather is good.

Wrong: Providing that he is not tired, he will address the group.

Right: Provided that he is not tired, he will address the group.

  1. Raise –Rear

In formal writing and speaking, the word “raise”  should not be used when referring to the Upbringing of one’s family.

আনুষ্ঠানিক লেখালেখিতে এবং কথা বলার সময়,  “উত্থাপন” শব্দটি উল্লেখ করার সময় ব্যবহার করা  উচিত নয় একজনের পরিবারের বেড়ে ওঠা।

However, “raise” is used when speaking of other  form s of life. (plants, animals, etc.) তবে অন্যের কথা বলার সময় “উত্থাপন” ব্যবহৃত হয় জীবনের ফর্ম। (উদ্ভিদ, প্রাণী ইত্যাদি)

Wrong: We raised our children in Topeka, Kanasas.

Right: We rearedour children in Topeka, Kanasas.

Wrong: The kennel owner specialized in rearing Chihuahuas.

Right: The kennel own.

  1. Raise – Rise

The distinction between the use of “raise” and “rise” is  simple if one remembers that the verb  “raise” takes an object )i.e. is an transitive verb), while the verb “rise” does not take an object (i.e. intransitive verb.)

“উত্থাপন” এবং এর মধ্যে পার্থক্য কেউ যদি ক্রিয়াটি মনে রাখে তবে “উত্থান” সহজ “উত্থাপন” একটি অবজেক্ট নেয়) অর্থাৎ। একটি ট্রানজিটিভ ক্রিয়া), ক্রমবর্ধমান “বৃদ্ধি” যখন কোনও বস্তু গ্রহণ করে না (যেমন। অকর্মক ক্রিয়া.)

Raise – raised (past) –raised (past participle) – raising (present participle.

Rise – rose (past) – risen (past participle) – rising (present participle)

Wrong : We rose the beam above the roof.

Right: We raised the beam above the roof.

Wrong: The bread was raising slowly.

Right: The bread was rising slowly.

  1. Set – Sit

The verb “set” is transitive (i.e. takes an object)

Set (present)- Set (past) – Set (past participle)- setting (present participle)

The verb “sit” is intransitive (i.e. does not take an object).

Sit (present)- Sat (past) – Sat (past participle)- sitting (present participle)

Wrong: When we came in, he set down on the big sofa.

Right: When we came in, he sit down on the big sofa.

Wrong: There was Mrs. Hogan setting behind the counter.

Right: There was Mrs. Hogan sitting behind the counter.

  1. Somewhere – Somewheres

The use of the word “somewheres is to be condemned on  the simple ground that authorities do not sanction its use.

শব্দটি “কিছুটা হলেও ব্যবহার করা উচিত যে সহজ ভিত্তিতে নিন্দিত কর্তৃপক্ষ এর ব্যবহার অনুমোদন করে না।

Wrong: We heard a sound somewheres in the distant woods.

Right: We heard a sound somewhere in the distant woods.

Wrong: Somewheres, there must be an answer.

Right: Somewhere, there must be an answer.

 

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