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DU Question/ ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় “খ” ইউনিট :Session-2019-2020

DU Question/ ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়

“খ” ইউনিট :


Read the following passage and answer the questions (1-4) from it

Folk music has the following characteristics: (i) It is composed by rural folk on the basis of ancient rules transmitted orally; (ii) These ancient rules of music have not been influenced by classical or modern music; (iii) Folk songs may be sung in groups or individually; (iv) No regular practice is required for folk music; (v) It is composed and performed by illiterate or semi-literate people; (vi) It is a spontaneous expression in easy language, local dialect, and simple tune; (vii) Both words and tune are appealing; (viii) Despite its universal appeal it uses local dialect; (ix) It depends upon nature and the rural environment; (x) It is an explicit manifestation of the joys and sorrows of daily life; (xi) It uses simple and natural rhythms; (xii) It contains a strong emotive expression of human love and separation.

In Bangladesh folk music has great variety, with songs being composed on the culture, festivals, views of life, natural beauty, rivers and rural and riverine life. These songs are also about social inequality and poverty, about the material world and the supernatural. Mystical songs have been composed using the metaphors of rivers and boats. Since the country is basically riverine, the bhatiyali forms and important genre of folk music. Folk music is formed and develops according to the environment. Differences in the natural environment are reflected in the people of the different regions. The dialects too vary across the different regions. Bangladeshi folk music therefore varies from region to region. Thus there are the northern bhawaiya, the eastern Bhatiyali and the southwestern Baul songs.

The culture and the lifestyle of the different tribes have also influenced folk music. Tribes like the Santal, Garo, Hajong, Chakma, Manipuri, Tripuri, Marma etc. have interacted with ethnic bangali culture and lifestyle over the years. The interaction has been clearly reflected in the richness of folk music.

Folk songs may be sung individually or in chorus. Folk songs sung individually include Baul, Bhatiyali, murshidi, Marfati, while songs sung in chorus include kavigan, leto, alkap and gambhira. Some songs are regional in character, but others are common to both Bangladesh and West Bengal

1. The most suitable title for the passage is :

(a)Bangla Folk Music          (b) Folk Musical Sega         (c) Bengal Folk Trends        (d) Bangladeshi Folk

2. The rural riverine life is reflected in ——-

(a) festival songs                 (b) alkap song                       (d) leto song                         (d) mystical songs

3. The word ‘Genre’ stands for ——–

(a) typical religious varieties                              (b) categories of creative forms

(c) associated variants                                        (d) subclasses of folk music

4. Find the statement which is false.

(a) folk songs contain supernatural elements (b) Bhatiyali and Baul are two regional folk varieties

(c) Folk songs must bear local falvours           (d) Social crisis is also a part of folk music

5. The word-category of ‘Foment’ is ———–

(a) adjective          (b) verb                  (c) noun                 (d) adverb

6. “Blandishment’ is related to ———–.

(a) honeyed words               (b) abusive verse                 (c) declamatory speech       (d) modest reply

7.‘In the sea, flocks of flying fish skimmed in terror from the approaching hull.” Count the modifiers —–(a) 1                                        (b) 2                        (c) 3                        (d) 4

8.The gist of the poem ‘I died for Beauty,” is

(a) Love is beauty and beauty is truth                             (b) Truth, Beauty and Goodness come first

(c) Beauty will save the world                                            (d) Beauty is truth, truth beauty

9.“Dreams are disguised fulfillments of repressed wishes.” The best synonym of the bold faced word is —

(a) subdue                             (b) encourage                       (c) liberate             (d) accomplish

10. The appostrophe ( ‘) is placed correctly in ———–

(a) May parent’s home is in the town’s posh areas.      (b) May parents’ home is in the town’s posh areas.

(c) May parent’s home is in the towns’ posh areas.      (d) May parents home is in the town’s posh areas.

11. The correct spelling is ————

(a) Conscientious                 (b) Concientious                  (c) Conscintous    (d) Conscientous

12. Progress is the antidote to stagnation. ——— The bold faced words are ———–.

(a) homonyms                       (b) synonyms                       (c) antonyms         (d) hyponyms

13. It is difficult to sympathize —— an unfortunate man.

(a) for                     (b) with                  (c) by                      (d) at

14. ‘To keep an eye on’ means———-

(a) To keep calm   (b) To be active    (c) To observe      (d) To look

15. She can easily get along with others. The meaning of the bold faced word is ——–

(a) walk                  (b) adjust               (c) accompany      (d) stay

16. The verb form of the noun “Humanity’ is ———-

(a) Human              (b) Humane           (c) Humanitarian   (d) Humanize

17. Find the appropriate antonym of ‘Malice’.

(a) Bitterness        (b) Animosity       (c) Malevolence   (d) Kindness

18.“Mina’s lovely voice was music to our ears’ is an example of —–

(a) metaphor          (b) metonym          (c) simile                (d) symbol

19. “He questioned softly why I failed.” Change this sentence into reported speech.

(a) He questioned softly, “Why did you fail?”               (b) He questioned softly, “Why did I fail?”

(c) He told softly, “Why have you failed?”                     (d) He told softly, “Why had I failed?”

20. Translate the sentence into English : “ কোন কাজই কাজের দিক থেকে উচুঁ বা নিচুঁ নয়।“

(a) No work is superior or inferior from its value.           (b) No work is better or worse as itself.

(c) No work is superior or inferior in itself                       (d) No work is better and worse as itself

21.He will finish the work ———–. Choose the appropriate word fo the gap.

(a) in no time         (b) right time         (c) of his cost        (d) absolutely

22. She was sliding ——— depression.

(a) into                   (b) of                      (c) on                      (d) at

23.I like travelling to visit difference places of the world. In this sentence the verbal noun is ——–

(a) traveling           (b) visit                  (c) word                 (d) places

24.Find the correct use of ‘although’-

(a) He likes music although he is always busy               (b) We decided to return although, it was raining

(c) Although he is young, he is very careful                   (d) My grandfather is over 70, he is although active

25. Change form of voice: “He did not give up the fight even though he was badly bruised.”

(a) The fight did not give up by him even though he was badly bruised.

(b) The fight had not given up by him even though he was badly bruised.

(c) The fight was not given up by him even though he was badly bruised.

(d) The fight was not giving up by him even though he was badly bruised.