Assignment Name: A portfolio on “Adolescence Characteristics”
During adolescence, issues of emotional (if not physical) separation from parents arise. While this sense of separation is a necessary step in the establishment of personal values, the transition to self-sufficiency forces an array of adjustments upon many adolescents. Furthermore, teenagers seldom have clear roles of their own in society but instead occupy an ambiguous period between childhood and adulthood. These issues most often define adolescence in Western cultures, and the response to them partly determines the nature of an individual’s adult years. Also during adolescence, the individual experiences an upsurge of sexual feelings following the latent sexuality of childhood. It is during adolescence that the individual learns to control and direct sexual urges.
Some specialists find that the difficulties of adolescence have been exaggerated and that for many adolescents the process of maturation is largely peaceful and untroubled. Other specialists consider adolescence to be an intense and often stressful developmental period characterized by specific types of behaviour.
Observation : 1
Name : Abdul Hafiz Abrar
Date of Birth : 02/03/2008
Gender : Male
Location : Faridpur; Dhaka; Bangladesh
Characteristics of Adolescence
Adolescence is a complex and often difficult period in development both for adolescence and for their families because of rapid physical change, psychological and cognitive changes and by an accelerating succession of urgent societal demands, adolescence faces formidable challenges in the essential task of deciding who they are, what they are going to be and how they are going get these. Thus, this is an important period of human life.
01. Adolescence is a transitional period
Adolescence is a period of transition and rapid change. Neither the person is called a child nor an adult because the individual has crossed childhood and yet to reach the stage of adulthood. Thus the status of the individual is vague and diffused and there is confusion about the roles he/she is going to play. Sometimes his innocent behaviour is either called ‘childish’ or ‘too big for his age.
02. Adolescence is a period of change
It is a general characteristic of the adolescence period. During this stage, there is a change in physical, psychological and sociological aspects of an individual along with values, attitudes, interest and behaviour. Thus consistency and inconsistency are found out in the life cycle.
03. Adolescence is a period of egocentric and problem age
The sudden and rapid change of physical and psychological aspects during this stage create a problem for the adolescent. Adolescence youth are interested to solve their problem independently and try to achieve independence from parents establishes, cooperative and workable relationship with peers and prepare for a meaningful vocation. But sometimes they cannot solve the problem, which itself creates a problem for them.
04. Adolescence is a time of the search for identity
Each of the periods has its problems that must be solved if the individual is to enter the next period without handicap. Adolescence is perhaps no more important stage of development than any others, but it is the last stage before adulthood and it, therefore, offer to both parents and teacher the last opportunity to educate a child for his adult responsibility.
During this period adolescence begin to search for their identity and try to develop individuality in their way which sometimes leads to an identity crisis in some adolescence.
05. Adolescence is a period of unrealism
During this period the aspirations, thoughts and achievement etc are more idealistic rather than realistic. The young boys and girls think the more unrealistic, false and illogical idea which sometimes hurt and disappoint them in life. It is found out that the false idealistic ideas disappear gradually and adolescence sees their life, family and friends more realistically.
06. Adolescence is a period of Hero-worship and sexual maturity
During this period the boys and girls consider themselves they are hero and heroine of the life cycle. They think that they can do and undo everything during their life span without understanding the reality of life. The above feelings take place due to sudden sexual development on the part of boys and girls.
07. Adolescence is a period of intensely emotional
During this period the youth often resulting in intense excitement and deep depression. Sometimes he/she may exhibit a ‘know-it-all’ attitude. Boys like to be thought big strong and healthy. Girls desire prettiness. In both the sexes, there is interest in an emphasis on physical attractiveness and good grooming.
08. Adolescence is a period of sexual delinquency
During this period sexual manifestation may cause self-consciousness and desire for other ties. It is a period of mutual liking, thus homosexual and heterosexual feelings create confusion among the adolescence.
09. Adolescence is a period of high moral values and sacrifice
During this period high moral values are seen. The adolescent youth like to serve in fairs, festivals, social gathering etc and sacrifice their conveniences for social service due to their high moral feelings.
10. Social constraints
From a biological perspective, adolescence should be the best time of life. Most physical and mental functions, such as speed, strength, reaction time, and memory, are more fully developed during the teenage years. Also in adolescence, new, radical, and divergent ideas can have profound impacts on the imagination.
11. Isolation from adults
In many public schools in the United States, student-teacher ratios of between roughly 12 and 25 (depending on whether the school is private or public) mean that the classroom atmosphere is influenced considerably more by peers than by teachers. At home teenagers spend at least several hours each day without parents or other adults present. Moreover, during the little time when adolescents are at home with their parents, the family typically watches television or the children disappear to study, play games, listen to music, or communicate with friends on computers, phones, or other devices.
12. Personal and Emotional Characteristics
Adolescence is a time when emotions begin to run high. Parents and teachers may begin to notice argumentative and aggressive behaviors due to sudden and intense emotions. Adolescents are also characteristically self-absorbed. They are preoccupied with themselves because they are beginning to develop a sense of self, but they are also scrutinizing their own thought processes and personalities. Possibilities begin to look endless during adolescents, leading some teens to become overly idealistic. They also believe that their thoughts and feelings are unique, doubting that others could possibly understand what they are experiencing.
Behavioral scientists have gained valuable insight into the conditions that cause teenage strife. In many cases, adults are in the position to alleviate some of the frictions that make inter-generational relations more strained than they need to be. Research indicates that those adolescents who have the opportunity to develop a relationship with an adult role model (parental or otherwise) are more successful than their peers in coping with the everyday stresses of life.